Some Differences Between Religion in Chinese and Russian Communism
The Chinese faith has been mainly unchanged for almost three
thousand years and, most importantly, their religions
(Zen, Buddhism, Confucianism) were never state-religions.
In other words, the political power and people's faith
are two different things. Zen is people's faith, without
priests. All their religions are not hierarchical, that
is organised in an official structure so that it would
be nothing to abolish on an official way. It is not
surprising that Chines communists did not forbid
religious fetes. Mao Tze Dun, who was a clever man,
probably thought that mixing politics and faith would
be a mistake.
Lenin instead did it but it is not
surprising too. Why? I shall try to explain. He had
an European education. Most Europeans are Christians.
Lenin was as well but not entirely. Marx and Engels, his
ideological mentors, were not at all.
In Europe, beginning with Carol the Great, who accepted
the crown from the Pope in the year 800, all the
countries had Christianity as state-religion till
1789 when France removed the monarchy and religion at
the same time. (It is not the French that invented
democracy but they made the most noise around it.) The
mentors of Communism thought to replace the Christian
doctrine with the communist one. That's why they saw in
religion their ideological enemy.
For those who lived under the soviet influence it was
clear that the communist party, as the single
party, and the Inquisition of 14-15 centuries are more
similar than different. The communists had one more
reasons to be afraid by the church. They started from the
idea that, in any democracy, the politicians come to
power thanks to the people's vote. We want universal
vote, don't we? Most people are non educated and easy to
handle with simple and lying arguments.
This is the
essence of the communist doctrine: handling people with
simple ideas. Intellectuals and
priests used to be the communists' enemies. That's why
the first thing which the Russians did in Romania after
the II WW was to kill them. I assure you of their